|From VDOE's Curriculum Framework (a student friendly version is located on the activity page in the Study Guide for each standard)|
|Standard 5.7 - Earth's Surface|
The student will investigate and understand how the Earth’s
surface is constant ly changing. Key concepts include
a) the rock cycle including the identification of rock types;
b) Earth history and fossil evidence;
c) the basic structure of the Earth’s interior;
d) plate tectonics (earthquakes and volcanoes);
e) weathering and erosion; and
f) human impact.
The concepts developed in this standard
include the following:
|In order to meet this standard, it is
expected that students should be able to:
· apply basic terminology (underlined in overview) to explain how the Earth surface is constantly changing.
· draw and label the rock cycle and describe the major processes and rock types involved.
· compare and contrast the origin of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks.
· identify rock samples (granite, gneiss, slate, limestone, shale, sandstone, and coal) using a rock classification key.
· make plausible inferences about changes in the Earth over time based on fossil evidence. This includes the presence of fossils of organisms in sedimentary rocks of Virginia (the Appalachians, Piedmont, and Coastal Plain/Tidewater).
· describe the structure of Earth in terms of its major layers (crust, mantle, and inner and outer cores) and how the Earth’s interior affects the surface.
· differentiate among the three types of plate tectonic boundaries (divergent, convergent, and sliding boundaries) and how these relate to the changing surface of the Earth and the ocean floor (5.6).
· compare and contrast the origin of earthquakes and volcanoes and how they affect the Earth’s surface.
· design an investigation to locate, chart, and report weathering and erosion at home and on the school grounds. Create a plan to solve erosion problems that may be found.
· differentiate between weathering and erosion.
· design an investigation to determine the amount and kinds of weathered rock material found in soil.
· describe how people change the Earth’s surface and how negative changes can be controlled.