When settlers arrived in Jamestown in 1607, they choose a site on a narrow
on the James River. Today, the river is higher and that peninsula is
with water on all sides. The settlers chose the Jamestown site for several reasons. The site was far enough from the ocean so the river water would be fresh, not
From this site they could see any
ships coming up the river to attack them. And, water near the shore was
could come in close to shore and be roped to trees.
But soon the Jamestown settlers had many problems. The water was still too salty, and the land was
wet and marshy
Few of the settlers knew how to
and many starved. Others died of diseases. However, things got better when
arrived and when
Captain John Smith
became their leader.
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