STUDY GUIDE USII.2c Geography Themes
Locate the states, regions, and historically significant cities

The student will use maps, globes, photographs, pictures, and tables for
c) locating the 50 states and the cities most significant to the historical development of the United States.

Explain that states are grouped by region as follows:

        Northeast: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Southeast: Maryland, Delaware, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas
Midwest: Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota

Southwest: Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona
        Rocky Mountains: Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Montana, Wyoming, Idaho
Pacific: Washington, Oregon, California
        Noncontiguous: Alaska, Hawaii.

Explain how cities serve as centers of trade and have historically had political, economic, and cultural significance to the development of the United States. Provide examples of cities, including the following:

        Northeast: New York, Boston, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia
Southeast: Washington, D.C.; Atlanta, New Orleans
Midwest: Chicago, St. Louis, Detroit

                Southwest: San Antonio, Santa Fe
Western (Rocky Mountains): Denver, Salt Lake City
Pacific: San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle 
Noncontiguous: Juneau, Honolulu
Santa Fe - The Santa Fe Trail brought people from as far away as Independence Missouri in the 1850's.  From there,  travelers continued west on other connecting trails.

San Antonio - "Remember the Alamo" - Texans here staged a revolt against Mexican rule, but were slaughtered by Mexican General Santa Anna at the Alamo.  With the battle cry "Remember the Alamo", Texans eventually  captured the Mexican dictator and Texas became an independent republic.

New York City - The most populated American city, by 1850.  Immigrants arrived at Ellis Island. Many remained in NYC and many moved to other parts of the U.S.

Pittsburgh - Center of the steel industry, begun by Andrew Carnegie.

Chicago - Specialized in the meat packing trade.