USII.5b Prohibition, the Great Migration North

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the social, economic, and technological changes of the early twentieth century by
b) describing the social changes that took place, including Prohibition, and the Great Migration north.

What was Prohibition, and how effective was it?

Reforms in the early twentieth century could not legislate how people behaved.

Prohibition was imposed by a constitutional amendment that made it illegal to manufacture, transport, and sell alcoholic beverages.

Results of Prohibition
Speakeasies were created as places for people to drink alcoholic beverages.
Bootleggers smuggled illegal alcohol and promoted organized crime.

Why did African Americans migrate to northern cities?

Economic conditions and violence led to the migration of people.

Great Migration north

Jobs for African Americans in the South were scarce and low paying.
African Americans faced discrimination and violence in the South.
African Americans moved to northern cities in search of better employment opportunities.
African Americans also faced discrimination and violence in the North.